Sex Offender Frequently Asked Questions
- What is the significance of June 1, 1996?
- How is risk level determined?
- Are risk levels consistent nationwide?
- What is a Predator?
- What agency registers sex offenders?
- Do I have to register if I am visiting/vacationing in Arizona?
- What are the requirements of a sex offender if he changes his address?
- Can non-sexual offenses require sex offender registration/notification?
- Do registration and community notification laws apply to juveniles?
- Are all sex offenders required to obtain a special Arizona drivers license or identification credential?
- How can I obtain more detailed information concerning a particular conviction?
- Are sex offenders prohibited from living near schools/daycare centers?
This is the date that Arizona implemented the community notification laws. Any person released from jail, prison, or sentenced to probation on or after this date is subject to community notification. Additionally, any person convicted prior to June 1, 1996, may be subject to community notification after completion of a risk assessment by a law enforcement agency.
Prior to an offender's release or sentence to probation, the agency that had custody of the individual completes a risk assessment screening profile. This instrument evaluates nineteen criteria that are considered to be significant factors contributing to sex offender recidivism. Each criterion is given a score, which is then totaled to arrive at the recommended risk level. All criminal justice agencies must use the standardized Arizona Risk Assessment, however, occasionally law enforcement discovers information which can affect an offender's risk level. As such, law enforcement is given the discretion to either accept the recommended risk level or complete another risk assessment.
No, each state has slightly different community notification laws, implementation dates, and risk assessment instruments.
In Arizona, all sex offenders classified as "predator" are housed at the State Hospital. Once an offender completes his sentence and is scheduled for release, the offender may be reviewed for violent sexual predator criteria. If it is determined that the offender is a violent sexual predator, Arizona law provides for a civil commitment to the Arizona State Hospital. The sex offender may request an annual review to determine if he is eligible for release into society, at which time the label "predator" is removed.
The county sheriff is responsible for registering sex offenders living within their county.
Yes, if you are planning on staying within Arizona for more than 10 days. Failure to comply is a Class 4 Felony!
The offender has 72 hours, excluding weekends and legal holidays, to complete a change of address. This must be completed in person, on a sex offender registration form. Failure to comply is a Class 4 Felony.
Yes, judges have the authority to court order sex offender registration if there was a finding of sexual motivation.
Although registration is mandatory for adults, it is not for juveniles. If a juvenile is adjudicated delinquent of an act that would require an adult to register, the court can require the juvenile to register until the age of twenty-five. Community notification laws may apply if ordered by the court.
Yes, all sex offenders are required to obtain a credential from the MVD. The credential which is obtained annually, looks identical to any other license except when a law enforcement official checks the status of the credential it indicates that the individual is subject to sex offender registration. Failure to obtain this credential is a Class 1 Misdemeanor with a mandatory $250 assessment.
It is incumbent upon the user to contact the court in the "convicting jurisdiction" to gain access to these public documents.
Some sex offenders are prohibited from living close to schools or child care facilities. Information concerning such restrictions can be found in A.R.S. 13-3727.